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hormonal infertility

Hormonal Infertility
IHR provides effective treatment programs for hormonal infertility.

There are a variety of hormonal abnormalities that can lead to infertility. Examples are hypothyroidism (low thyroid function), hyperprolactinemia (high male hormone levels) and luteal phase defect (low progesterone levels). Our physicians are experts in treating these and other endocrinological abnormalities. The IHR experts work closely with couples undergoing the many different types of assisted fertility treatments available. We are renowned for our specialized knowledge and high infertility success rates even in difficult cases. IHR's expertise in hormonal infertility lies in our willingness and ability to individualize our approach to best suit each and every one of our patients. If you have any questions as you review the material on hormonal infertility, please contact us for a FREE Hormonal Infertility E-Mail Consultation.

Hormonal Imbalance is one of the leading cause of female infertility. The woman’s inability to ovulate and regulate hormone levels cause a production of too much or too less of one particular hormone. This hormonal imbalance is manifested by symptoms that are easily detected allowing for treatment to begin as soon as possible. These symptoms include irregular menstrual cycles, excessive bleeding or very little bleeding, abdominal and pelvic cramps, absence of menstrual period for stretches of time and excessive weight gain and loss.

The following can result in hormonal imbalances: Glandular problems like thyroid, pituitary and hypothalamus glands problems. These glands are the primary glands that are responsible in creation and production of reproductive hormones. They can be affected by birth-control pills intake, stress and diseases like hypothyroidism. Once problems are encountered in either of these glands, an imbalance will prevent complete ovulation process to take place, thus the difficulty in conception.

Ovulatory disorder like overproduction of “Prolactin”. Like glandular problems, overproduction of “Prolactin” leads to the disruption of hormonal levels. Prolactin is a milk-producing hormone that suppresses and interferes with ovulation. The incomplete ovulation cycle called anovulation causes the over production of androgens. These androgens are termed as “male hormones”, overproduction of these, particularly testosterone, result in a lesser production of estrogen that marks and signals the ovulation process.

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) condition is marked by multiple growths of cysts in the ovaries, resulting in a hormonal imbalance and menstruation back flows. Less production of estrogen and progesterone necessary for ovulation results in lower egg quality and failure of eggs to mature. These failed to mature eggs become cysts and line the outer and inner ovaries. Also, PCOS beckons the high production of insulin resulting in a type II diabetes condition and increased production of androgen.

Menopause in women often starts at the age of 40, if it comes earlier; it becomes a sure sign of infertility. Ovulating process goes well into the forties. Premature Ovarian Failure accounts for about only 1% of female infertility. Apart from slowing down and cessation of ovulation process, menopause brings about a variety of bodily changes in women. Often, menopause is signaled by extreme mood swings, sleepiness, irregular menstruation and hot flashes.

Abnormal Cervical Mucus is a condition wherein the mucus lining the cervix and the uterus is not quite as it should be; the change in mucus consistency throughout the ovulation process is engineered mainly to aid in sperm journey and egg fertilization. Alteration in mucus consistency, with which the normal is thin and watery, becomes an obstruction for the sperm to reach the egg to ensure conception. With the low production of estrogen, the mucus becomes thick for sperm to pass or swim through. Specific reproductive glands are responsible for the secretion of proper mucus to line the cervix, and repeated infections and presence of sexually transmitted diseases are the common culprits of abnormal cervical mucus production.

The reproductive endocrinologist at IHR will evaluate specific situations and perform tests in both the male and female partners to determine the cause of infertility. The physician is looking for answers to the following questions: is the female ovulating regularly, is the male producing healthy, viable sperm, are the female's egg and the male's sperm able to unite and grow normally, are there any obstacles to proper implantation and maintenance of the pregnancy?

Specific treatment for hormonal infertility will be determined by our IHR's Homonal Infertility experts based on: age, overall health, and medical history, cause of the disorder, tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies,and expectations for the course of the homronal disorder.

Once a diagnosis is made, our Homonal Infertility specialists can work with you to determine the course of treatment. Depending on the cause of homonal infertility, there are many options to offer an infertile couple. The types of treatments may include the following: medications, intrauterine insemination, surgery, assisted reproductive technology (ART), in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT), donor eggs, embryo cryopreservation, embryo adoption.

IHR has treatments for a variety of conditions, including hormonal infertility, ovulatory dysfunctions, endometriosis, immunological infertility and many others. Perhaps less known is our work with individuals and couples who are considering assisted reproduction, but who are uncertain of their next step. We encourage anyone, before they make a decision, to consult with us. Currently, we are offering a FREE Hormonal Infertility E-Mail Consultation.